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Test Code 005 Hemoglobin and Hematocrit

Additional Codes

MLAB: HH

PowerChart: Hemoglobin and Hematocrit

Epic: LAB753 Hemoglobin and Hematocrit, Blood

MA Cerner: Hemoglobin and Hematocrit.

Test Method

Sysmex XN and XS Systems:

  • HGB:   Converted to SLS-hemoglobin and read photometrically.
  • HCT: Measured as ratio of the total RBC volume to whole blood using cumulative pulse height detection.

Specimen Requirement

EDTA whole blood is required.

Additional Specimen Collection Information

Whole blood collected in EDTA purple-top tube. The tube must be at least one quarter full to be acceptable for testing.

Capillary specimen collected in EDTA microtube. The  tube must contain at least 375 mcL (bottom line) to be acceptable for testing.

Performance

Testing is performed Monday through Sunday.

Routine orders: Typically completed within 4 hours after the specimen arrives at the testing site.

Expedite orders: Typically completed within 1 hour after the specimen arrives at the testing site.

STAT orders: Typically completed within 30 minutes after the specimen arrives at the testing site.

Reference Values

Hemoglobin:

0-15 days Male and Female: 13.4-19.8 mg/dL

  • Critical Value:
    • High: >22.0
    • Low: <12.5

15 days-1 month Male and Female: 10.7-17.1 mg/dL

  • Critical Value:
    • High: >22.0
    • Low: <8.0

1-2 months Male and Female: 9.4-13.0 mg/dL

  • Critical Value:
    • High: >17.0
    • Low: <8.0

2-4 months Male and Female: 10.3-14.1 mg/dL

  • Critical Value:
    • High: >17.0
    • Low: <8.0

4-6 months Male and Female: 11.1-14.1 mg/dL

  • Critical Value:
    • High: >17.0
    • Low: <8.0

6 months-5 years Male and Female: 11.0-14.0 mg/dL

  • Critical Value:
    • High: >17.0
    • Low: <8.0

5-9 years Male and Female: 11.5-14.5 mg/dL

  • Critical Value:
    • High: >17.0
    • Low: <8.0

9-12 years Male and Female: 12.0-15.0 mg/dL

  • Critical Value:
    • High: >17.0
    • Low: <8.0

12-15 years

 Male: 12.0-16.0 mg/dL

  • Critical Value:
    High: >20.0
    Low: <7.0

Female: 11.5-15.0 mg/dL

  • Critical Value:
    High: >20.0
    Low: <7.0

15-18 years

Male: 11.7-16.6 mg/dL

  • Critical Value:
    High: >20.0
    Low: <7.0

Female: 11.7-15.3 mg/dL

  • Critical Value:
    High: >20.0
    Low: <7.0

18-45 years

Male: 13.2-17.3 mg/dL

  • Critical Value:
    High: >20.0
    Low: <7.0

Female: 11.7-15.5 mg/dL

  • Critical Value:
    High: >20.0
    Low: <7.0

45-65 years

Male: 13.1-17.2 mg/dL

  • Critical Value:
    High: >20.0
    Low: <7.0

Female: 11.7-16.0 mg/dL

  • Critical Value:
    High: >20.0
    Low: <7.0

≥ 65 years:

Male: 12.6-17.4 mg/dL

  • Critical Value:
    High: >20.0
    Low: <7.0

Female: 11.7-16.1 mg/dL

  • Critical Value:
    High: >20.0
    Low: <7.0 

Hematocrit:

0-15 days Male and Female: 41-65%

15 days-1 month Male and Female: 33-55%

1-2 months Male and Female: 28-42%

2-4 months Male and Female: 32-44%

4-6 months Male and Female: 31-41%

6-9 months Male and Female: 32-40%

9 months-1 year Male and Female: 33-41%

1-3 years Male and Female: 32-40%

3-6 years Male and Female: 32-42%

6-9 years Male and Female: 33-41%

9-12 years Male and Female: 34-43%

12-15 years:

Male: 35-45%

Female: 34-44%

15-18 years:

Male: 37-48%

Female: 34-44%

18-45 years:

Male: 39-49%

Female: 35-45%

45-65 years:

Male: 39-49%

Female: 35-47%

≥ 65 years:

Male: 37-51%

Female: 35-47%

CPT Code Information

85018 Blood Counts: hemoglobin

85014 Blood Counts: hematocrit

Useful For

Screening tool to confirm a hematologic disorder.

Establish or rule out a diagnosis.

Detect an unsuspected hematologic disorder.

Monitor effects of radiation or chemotherapy.

These counts are used as clinical guides in the diagnosis and/or monitoring of many diseases.

LOINC Code Information

58410-2 Complete Blood Count (Hemogram) Panel-Blood By Automated Count